Eid Al Adha

Hajj Mabrour, Wa Sa'yam Mashkour, Wa Thamban Maghfour

Qatar Museums wishes you Eid Mubarak. May Allah accept your Hajj, grant you forgiveness and reward your efforts.

 

Celebrating Eid

Eid Al Adha is a major religious event in the lives of Muslims celebrated over several days. Muslims who can afford to do so offer animals, usually sheep, as a symbol of Abraham's sacrifice. The meat is distributed to family, friends, and to the poor and needy. This is also the time of the year that pilgrims make their journey to Hajj.

Journey to Hajj

The pilgrimage to Mecca is a unique experience in the life of a Muslim. The rituals defined by the Prophet Muhammad, Peace Be Upon Him, according to the precepts of Islam, begin and end in Mecca.

Believers circle the Ka’ba, at the heart of the scared mosque; walk briskly between the Al Safa and Al Marwa mountains; visit Arafat, Muzdalifa and Mina; then cut their hair before returning to Mecca to perform prayers once again at the Ka’ba.

This pilgrimage, Hajj, takes place once a year, between the 8th and 12th days of the month of Hajj in the Islamic calendar (Dhu al Hijja). Eid Al Adha falls on the 10th day, and starts after the descent of the pilgrims from Mount Arafat.

On the 13th day of Dhu al Hijja, Eid sacrifices can take place until sunset.

 

Edward Cavendish Drake, The Temple of Mecca, from 'A New Universal Collection of Authentic and Entertaining Voyages and Travels from the Earliest Accounts to the Present'. Illustrated by Charles Grignion et al., published 1768. Orientalist Museum.

Travellers

Hajj and its impetus for travel encouraged scholars through history to report their personal experiences. Mohammed Saddiq Bey was the first to publish a complete photographic account of the mahmal journey from Cairo to Mecca, between 1861 and 1895.

Mahmal was a richly decorated palanquin bearing textiles for the Ka'ba and other gifts, which journeyed with the Hajj caravan of pilgrims.

Before the advent of ocean-going ships in the 19th century, the expense and arduous conditions of the maritime trek that would-be pilgrims faced, subjecting made Mecca inaccessible. It wasn't until the after this period that the Hajj experience became increasinly frequent for pilgrims from across the Indian Ocean.

 

John Ralph, Pilgrims Travelling from Jeddah to Mecca, first half of 20th century CE. Orientalist Museum.

Social Exchange

Communities from all around the world have converged on Mecca annually performing the rituals of Hajj for nearly 1,400 years.

This journey is a social experience on a vast scale that has provided opportunities for intellectual exchange, commercial trade and communication between different parts of the Arab world for more than a millennium.

Inspiring Art through Hajj

Experiences of Hajj have inspired a diversity of art. Today, the response of artists to the experience has manifested itself through unique and powerful ways.

 

Al Jazuli, Dala'il al-Khayrat, Istanbul. Dated 1216 AH (1801 CE). Museum of Islamic Art. Dala'il al-Khayrat - Guidelines to the Blessings - is one of the most popular prayer books for Muslims, particularly amongst pilgrims who take it on their journey.

We invite you to explore the Journey to Hajj by looking back at  Hajj – The Journey Through Art, an exhibition by the Museum of Islamic Art. The exquisite and diverse objects in this exhibition charted the journey of the Hajj and explored the pilgrim’s experience through history. This exhibition was conducted in collaboration with the British Museum.

 

Ahmed Mater constructs Magnetism at the Museum of Islamic Art, part of the Hajj: Journey Through Art exhibition.

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